Hard Float API coming soon by default to armv6

All the CPUs that FreeBSD supports have hard floating point in them. We've supported hard float for quite some time in the FreeBSD kernel. However, by default, we still use a soft-float ABI. All the binaries use hardware floating point to do the math, but the calling conventions between routines passes the floating point values in integer registers to remain compatible with the soft-float libraries of the past. A new armv6hf was created, but that caused some issues with some ports, and the meaning of 'soft float' sadly was ambiguous between the soft-float ABI, and the soft-float libraries that implement floating point when there's no hardware FPU.

Over the spring and summer, I fixed ld.so so that it  can load both soft ABI and hard ABI libraries on the same system, depending markings in the binaries themselves. Soft float ABI and hard float ABI binaries have different flags in the ELF headers, so it is relatively straight forward to know which is which. Over the summer, I committed changes to the kernel to pass the relevant flags from the header to user land (since for a variety of technical reasons, once you get to user land, it's impossible to open the binary you are executing in the general case). I had planned on committing the ld.so bits as well, but my job got busy and now it's winter.

So, in the coming days, I'll commit the first set of changes to move to armv6 as a hard float ABI by default. The kernel doesn't care: it can execute both. The new ld.so will allow you to transition through this change by allowing old, compat soft ABI libraries to co-exist on the system with new hard ABI libraries. This change alone isn't enough, but it will be good to get it out into circulation.

After that, a number of changes will follow. Similar to the LIB32 stuff for x86, mips and powerpc, there will be a LIBSOFT build that you can enable on armv6. This will create the libraries needed for the transition, and will be used if we need to generate compat binaries for this stuff (the hope is that the number of old binaries that need to run on the new system will be small enough that it can be treated as a special-needs case, not one that's needed by default). The normal armv6 build will switch to hard float ABI by default. armv6hf will remain in the build as a compatibility arch, and will be removed before FreeBSD 11 since it was never in FreeBSD 10 (and could never be in FreeBSD 10 due to compiler choices). TARGET_CPUTYPE will grow a new type or two for those folks with really special needs that need to generate wither soft-float libraries, or soft-float ABI libraries (and this will be the mechanism used to support LIBSOFT builds).


NanoBSD reved up for embedded

NanoBSD Enhancements

I've been experimenting with NanoBSD enhancements for embedded. Eventually, they will be in the mainline of NanoBSD, but for now I've segregated them in a separate embedded subdir. The goal is to drive creation of build-agnostic tools to help build images for the different systems that FreeBSD supports. I have a mix of embedded boards and qemu configurations. Many don't work, but I hit a milestone tonight. I was able to boot an image on my RPi built without privs using NanoBSD.

To try it out, you'll need to grab FreeBSD-current and from the top of the tree do
cd tools/tools/nanobsd/embedded
sh ../nanobsd.sh -c rpi.cfg

This will create a directory at the same level as your top level FreeBSD source called rpi-b. Under it will be obj/_.disk.image.rpi-b. You can dd this onto a SD card (any size) and boot it on your RPi-B. It will resize the last partition to span the rest of the disk on boot and be a generic system. There's still a few problems, and I'm still working out how to get packages onto the system at build time, but its useful enough that people may want to play with it. Enjoy.

P.S. Here's a dmesg from the boot:
U-Boot 2015.10 (Nov 09 2015 - 02:54:46 +0000)

DRAM:  480 MiB
RPI Model B rev2
MMC:   bcm2835_sdhci: 0
reading uboot.env

** Unable to read "uboot.env" from mmc0:1 **
Using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   lcd
Err:   lcd
Net:   Net Initialization Skipped
No ethernet found.
reading uEnv.txt
0 bytes read in 9 ms (0 Bytes/s)
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
starting USB...
USB0:   Core Release: 2.80a
scanning bus 0 for devices... 3 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 0 Storage Device(s) found
       scanning usb for ethernet devices... 1 Ethernet Device(s) found
Booting from: mmc 0 ubldr.bin
reading ubldr.bin
214684 bytes read in 36 ms (5.7 MiB/s)
## No elf image at address 0x00200000
## Starting application at 0x00200000 ...
Consoles: U-Boot console  
Compatible U-Boot API signature found @1db474d0

FreeBSD/armv6 U-Boot loader, Revision 1.2
(imp@zooty, Wed Dec 23 17:23:10 MST 2015)

Number of U-Boot devices: 2
U-Boot env: loaderdev='mmc 0'
Found U-Boot device: disk
  Checking unit=0 slice= partition=... good.
Booting from disk0s3a:
/boot/kernel/kernel text=0x587d2c data=0x54f24+0xe639c syms=[0x4+0xc6460+0x4+0x94335]

Hit [Enter] to boot immediately, or any other key for command prompt.
Booting [/boot/kernel/kernel]...               
Using DTB provided by U-Boot at address 0x100.
Kernel entry at 0x400180...
Kernel args: (null)
KDB: debugger backends: ddb
KDB: current backend: ddb
Copyright (c) 1992-2015 The FreeBSD Project.
Copyright (c) 1979, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
FreeBSD 11.0-CURRENT #0 r292645 0ff2d15e64f9+ qbase/qtip/rpi/tip: Wed Dec 23 17:29:02 MST 2015
    imp@zooty:/usr/home/imp/FreeBSD/rpi-b/obj/arm.armv6/usr/home/imp/FreeBSD/head/sys/RPI-B arm
FreeBSD clang version 3.7.0 (tags/RELEASE_370/final 246257) 20150906
VT: init without driver.
CPU: ARM1176JZ-S rev 7 (ARM11J core)
 Supported features: ARM_ISA THUMB2 JAZELLE ARMv4 Security_Ext
 WB enabled LABT branch prediction enabled
  16KB/32B 4-way instruction cache
  16KB/32B 4-way write-back-locking-C data cache
real memory  = 503312384 (479 MB)
avail memory = 481800192 (459 MB)
random: entropy device external interface
kbd0 at kbdmux0
simplebus0:  mem 0x20000000-0x20ffffff on ofwbus0
cpulist0:  on ofwbus0
cpu0:  on cpulist0
bcm2835_cpufreq0:  on cpu0
intc0:  mem 0xb200-0xb3ff on simplebus0
systimer0:  mem 0x3000-0x3fff irq 8,9,10,11 on simplebus0
Event timer "BCM2835-3" frequency 1000000 Hz quality 1000
Timecounter "BCM2835-3" frequency 1000000 Hz quality 1000
bcmwd0:  mem 0x10001c-0x100027 on simplebus0
gpio0:  mem 0x200000-0x2000af irq 57,59,58,60 on simplebus0
gpio0: read-only pins: 46-53.
gpio0: reserved pins: 48-53.
gpiobus0:  on gpio0
gpioled0:  at pin 16 on gpiobus0
gpioc0:  on gpio0
iichb0:  mem 0x205000-0x20501f irq 61 on simplebus0
iicbus0:  on iichb0
iic0:  on iicbus0
iichb1:  mem 0x804000-0x80401f irq 61 on simplebus0
iicbus1:  on iichb1
iic1:  on iicbus1
spi0:  mem 0x204000-0x20401f irq 62 on simplebus0
spibus0:  on spi0
bcm_dma0:  mem 0x7000-0x7fff,0xe05000-0xe05fff irq 24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36 on simplebus0
mbox0:  mem 0xb880-0xb8bf irq 1 on simplebus0
sdhci_bcm0:  mem 0x300000-0x3000ff irq 70 on simplebus0
mmc0:  on sdhci_bcm0
uart0:  mem 0x201000-0x201fff irq 65 on simplebus0
uart0: console (115200,n,8,1)
vchiq0:  mem 0xb800-0xb84f irq 2 on simplebus0
vchiq: local ver 8 (min 3), remote ver 8.
pcm0:  on vchiq0
bcm283x_dwcotg0:  mem 0x980000-0x99ffff irq 17 on simplebus0
usbus0 on bcm283x_dwcotg0
fb0:  on ofwbus0
fbd0 on fb0
VT: initialize with new VT driver "fb".
fb0: 656x416(656x416@0,0) 24bpp
fb0: fbswap: 0, pitch 1968, base 0x1e08c000, screen_size 818688
Timecounters tick every 10.000 msec
IPsec: Initialized Security Association Processing.
usbus0: 480Mbps High Speed USB v2.0
bcm2835_cpufreq0: ARM 700MHz, Core 250MHz, SDRAM 400MHz, Turbo OFF
ugen0.1:  at usbus0
uhub0:  on usbus0
mmc0: CMD8 failed, RESULT: 1
mmcsd0: 513MB  at mmc0 41.6MHz/4bit/65535-block
Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/mmcsd0s3a [ro]...
warning: no time-of-day clock registered, system time will not be set accurately
uhub0: 1 port with 1 removable, self powered
ugen0.2:  at usbus0
uhub1:  on usbus0
uhub1: MTT enabled
uhub1: 3 ports with 2 removable, self powered
random: unblocking device.
ugen0.3:  at usbus0
smsc0:  on usbus0
smsc0: chip 0xec00, rev. 0002
miibus0:  on smsc0
ukphy0:  PHY 1 on miibus0
ukphy0:  none, 10baseT, 10baseT-FDX, 100baseTX, 100baseTX-FDX, auto
ue0:  on smsc0
ue0: Ethernet address: b8:27:eb:f1:62:e6
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
Growing root partition to fill device
GEOM_PART: mmcsd0s3 was automatically resized.
  Use `gpart commit mmcsd0s3` to save changes or `gpart undo mmcsd0s3` to revert them.
mmcsd0s3 resized
mmcsd0s3a resized
super-block backups (for fsck_ffs -b #) at:
 556192, 667424, 778656
/etc/rc: WARNING: hostid: unable to figure out a UUID from DMI data, generating a new one
Setting hostuuid: 901c1969-a9d5-11e5-996d-b827ebf162e6.
Setting hostid: 0x45acda89.
No suitable dump device was found.
Starting file system checks:
/dev/mmcsd0s3a: clean, 181490 free (26 frags, 22683 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
/dev/mmcsd0s2: clean, 32726 free (6 frags, 4090 blocks, 0.0% fragmentation)
Mounting local file systems:.
Setting hostname: nanobsd-rpi-b.
Feeding entropy:eval: cannot create /boot/entropy: Read-only file system
smsc0: chip 0xec00, rev. 0002
ue0: link state changed to DOWN
ue0: link state changed to UP
Starting Network: lo0 ue0.
lo0: flags=8049 metric 0 mtu 16384
 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 
 inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1 
 inet netmask 0xff000000 
 groups: lo 
 nd6 options=21
ue0: flags=8843 metric 0 mtu 1500
 ether b8:27:eb:f1:62:e6
 media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX )
 status: active
 nd6 options=29
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
ELF ldconfig path: /lib /usr/lib /usr/lib/compat
Starting devd.
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
Starting dhclient.
DHCPDISCOVER on ue0 to port 67 interval 5
DHCPREQUEST on ue0 to port 67
bound to -- renewal in 3600 seconds.
add net fe80::: gateway ::1
add net ff02::: gateway ::1
add net ::ffff: gateway ::1
add net :: gateway ::1
Generating host.conf.
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
Creating and/or trimming log files.
Starting syslogd.
Setting date via ntp.
24 Dec 01:06:34 ntpdate[457]: step time server offset 2122.146331 sec
Starting casperd.
Clearing /tmp (X related).
Updating motd:.
Mounting late file systems:.
Configuring vt: blanktime.
Starting cron.
/etc/rc.conf: 1.freebsd.pool.ntp.org: not found
Starting background file system checks in 60 seconds.
override rw-rw-r--  730/730 for /firstboot? 

Thu Dec 24 01:06:47 UTC 2015

FreeBSD/arm (nanobsd-rpi-b) (ttyu0)

login: root
Dec 24 01:06:50 nanobsd-rpi-b login: ROOT LOGIN (root) ON ttyu0
FreeBSD 11.0-CURRENT (RPI-B) #0 r292645 0ff2d15e64f9+ qbase/qtip/rpi/tip: Wed Dec 23 17:29:02 MST 2015

Welcome to FreeBSD!

Release Notes, Errata: https://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/
Security Advisories:   https://www.FreeBSD.org/security/
FreeBSD Handbook:      https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/
FreeBSD FAQ:           https://www.FreeBSD.org/faq/
Questions List: https://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions/
FreeBSD Forums:        https://forums.FreeBSD.org/

Documents installed with the system are in the /usr/local/share/doc/freebsd/
directory, or can be installed later with:  pkg install en-freebsd-doc
For other languages, replace "en" with a language code like de or fr.

Show the version of FreeBSD installed:  freebsd-version ; uname -a
Please include that output and any error messages when posting questions.
Introduction to manual pages:  man man
FreeBSD directory layout:      man hier

Edit /etc/motd to change this login announcement.
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # mount -uw /
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # rm /firstboot
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # uname -a
FreeBSD nanobsd-rpi-b 11.0-CURRENT FreeBSD 11.0-CURRENT #0 r292645 0ff2d15e64f9+ qbase/qtip/rpi/tip: Wed Dec 23 17:29:02 MST 2015     imp@zooty:/usr/home/imp/FreeBSD/rpi-b/obj/arm.armv6/usr/home/imp/FreeBSD/head/sys/RPI-B  arm
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # uptime
 1:07AM  up 1 min, 1 users, load averages: 0.87, 0.39, 0.16
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # ifconfig
lo0: flags=8049 metric 0 mtu 16384
        inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 
        inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x1 
        inet netmask 0xff000000 
        groups: lo 
        nd6 options=21
ue0: flags=8843 metric 0 mtu 1500
        ether b8:27:eb:f1:62:e6
        inet netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 
        media: Ethernet autoselect (100baseTX )
        status: active
        nd6 options=29
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # ntpdate 0.freebsd.pool.ntp.org
load: 0.48  cmd: ntpdate 671 [select] 8.16r 0.05u 0.04s 0% 3112k
24 Dec 01:07:44 ntpdate[671]: adjust time server offset 0.001943 sec
root@nanobsd-rpi-b:~ # exit

FreeBSD/arm (nanobsd-rpi-b) (ttyu0)



For Great Justice

I/O was beginning
Kernel: What Happen?
Driver: Someone set us up the DMA.
IO APIC: We Got Signal
Kernel: What?
Driver: IO MMU Turn ON
Kernel: It's You
VIRTIO: How are you Memory!
All Your Bytes are belong to us
You are on the way to destruction
Kernel: What Say You?
VIRTIO: You have no chance to survive
Make your DATA
User: Kernel?
Kernel: Take off every BIO
You know what you are doing
move BIO For great Justice!